Golfodulcean poison dart frogs measure just 1.0 to 1.4 inches in length. Their back and head are solid black with orange or yellow stripes that run from either side of the snout, and over their back to the thigh. The dorsal (back) surface and limbs are generally blue green with black speckling. These colors function as a visual warning, a learned response on the part of the predator. They capture their prey with sticky, retractable tongues. It is believed that poison frogs gain their poison from arthropods and other insects they eat in the wild and that these insects most likely acquire their poison from their plant diet. Habitat loss from forest clearing, water pollution and collection for the pet trade are their biggest threats.