The tufted deer has a head and body length of 43 to 62 inches, a tail length of 3 to 6 inches, shoulder height of 19.5 to 27.5 inches, and weight of 37 to 110 pounds. They have small unbranched antlers approximately 1 inch long which are often completely hidden by tufts of hair growing from the forehead. The coarse, shaggy coat is a deep chocolate brown with a gray neck and head, the forehead tuft being blackish brown. The underparts, tips of ears, and the underside of the tail are white. They have upper canines which in the males become 1-inch tusks. The young are similar to the adults but have a row of spots along each side of the back. Median age range is 7 years.