Brown House Snake

[Lamprophis fuliginosus]

The Brown House snake ,also known as the African House snake, varies in length from 18 to 45 inches and in color from tan biscuit to rust above and from white to dull white below. It has two lines that start from the nostril on each side of its head with the lower line going along the upper jaw and the upper line running above the eye. Its scales are smooth and shiny. The males are smaller than the females.

Location: Animals Formerly at Zoo



The range of the brown house snake is Arabia to Eastern Africa, south to the Cape region.


The brown house snake is found from outer desert regions to forests and sometimes in urban areas.

Conservation Status

Primary Threats


Gestation for the brown house snake is 54 to 57 days.


The brown house snake lays a clutch of 6 to 13 eggs.


The brown house snake is mainly nocturnal. It tries to avoid its chief predators such as owls and small carnivores (I.E. Civets). They constrict their prey.


Mating for the brown house snake takes place during September and October. Clutches of 6 to 13 eggs are produced in November through January and are hatched 54 to 57 days later. New born are 8 to 10 inches long.

Wild Diet

Adults prefer mice and young rats while the juveniles eat small lizards.

Zoo Diet