Fennec Fox

[Vulpes zerda]

Yx5wgbyztryb0oxnu6sl

The fennec fox is the smallest of all the wild canids. They show the typical features associated with a desert species. The coat is a pale cream overall, often with darker coloration, ranging from fawn to gray on the sides of the body, and a more solid line running along the spine. The head and body length is from 9 to 16 inches, and weight from 1 to 3 pounds. The large ears of the fennec fox, which help it to hear effectively and assist with thermal regulation, can measure up to 6 inches in length. The teeth are relatively small, with the canines in particular being reduced in size. They will drink at water holes in the desert, but also appear well adapted to survive with a minimum intake of fluid. Their kidneys restrict water loss from the body, limiting urine production. Their thick undercoat provides insulation during the cold desert nights, while the pale coat helps reflect the heat, as well as serving as camouflage. The soles of their feet are covered in hair, so the pads are invisible. This insulates against the hot desert sand, and also aids in running over loose sand without losing grip.

Fennec foxes occupy a permanent den, which they dig themselves. They appear to be relatively social, living in family groups, although the core structure is the breeding pair. They are able to jump distances of 4 feet or more. They bark like a small dog, but also make a purring sound like a domestic cat. The female fennec can produce two litters in a year. If the first litter is lost, she is likely to give birth again between 2-1/2 and 3 months later. Females become quite aggressive when they have a litter, vigorously defending their den. The male fox does not cross the threshold, but provides food for the group.

Fennec foxes have long been hunted in various parts of their range, although they pose no threat to humans or livestock. In some areas it appears that they may have declined in numbers as a consequence of this hunting. They are listed in Appendix 2 of CITES.

Location: Savanna Theater

Share:

Range
Their range is North Africa and Southwest Asia.
Habitat
Their habitat is Deserts and semi-arid areas.
Gestation
Gestation occurs in 50 to 52 days.
Litter
A litter consists of 2 to 5 offspring.
Behavior
Fennec foxes occupy a permanent den, which they dig themselves. Their burrowing activity may also trigger the formation of dew, which can be lapped up. They appear to be relatively social, living in family groups in some areas, although the core structure of this colonial living is the breeding pair. They can move quite rapidly, and are able to jump distances of 4 feet or more. They bark like a small dog, but also make a purring sound like a domestic cat. If threatened, they will snarl.
Reproduction
The female fennec can produce two litters in a year. If the first litter is lost, she is likely to give birth again between 2-1/2 and 3 months later. Mating tends to occur in captivity during January and February. Females become quite aggressive when they have a litter, vigorously defending their den. The male fox does not cross the threshold, but provides food for the group. The young are weaned by 10 weeks, and will be mature by one year.
Wild Diet
Insects, lizards, small rodents, occasional birds, fruits and berries.
Zoo Diet

Tags

Photos:


Documents:


External Links: