Their range is the southwest arid zone in Botswana, Namibia and the Karroo south of the Orange River.
They inhabit open country with cover in the form of scrub, bushes and clumps of grass.
Gestation is 63 to 68 days.
They may have a litter of 1 to 3 kittens.
By day the black-footed cat lies up in disused burrows or in termite-mound ventilation shafts. The arid country it inhabits is mostly waterless, but it will drink occasionally when rainwater pools are present. It is solitary and territorial. It is nocturnal and so shy that it hides at the slightest disturbance. It has the reputation of being more intractable and antisocial in captivity than any other cat. Even kittens taken before their eyes open and hand-reared make defensive threats and retreat to dark corners or attempt to attack their owners. Skill and persistence in digging suggest that they dig for insects, spiders and other subterranean prey.
Estrus in the black footed cat lasts only about 36 hours. A female will accept copulation for a period of only 5 to 10 hours, during which thime a pair mates up to six times. Kittens quickly mature at birth and develop quickly. Their eyes open at 6 to 8 days and they leave the nest at 4 weeks. They start eating solid food at 5 weeks and capture prey (mice) at 6 weeks. A captive mother kept her kittens from leaving the nest until they were 3 weeks old but later actually hauled kittens reluctant to leave out by the nape. She tried to move the nest site every 6 to 10 days.
Small rodents, insects, ground birds and lizards
Canine diet, bones weekly, fish as available