Cabbage Leather Coral

[Sinularia dura]

The cabbage leather coral is a soft coral most often found in low growing colonies attached to harder substrates such as rubble or other dead corals. The coral is characterized by broad blunt “ruffled” lobes that resemble cabbage leaves covered in fringe-like polyps, and can be found in colors ranging from brown, tan, cream, pink, purple, yellow and grey.

Leather corals are very hardy soft corals that flourish in aquariums and can often be found in pet shops and for purchase online. In the aquarium, reproduction can be facilitated by cutting a large or small piece of the main coral colony and attaching it to a new location with superglue or a rubberband.

Sinularia dura tolerates a wide range of lighting and water flow, but prefer moderate to high light and moderate to high water flow.

Location: Aquatics Exhibits

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Range

The range of the cabbage leather coral is the Red Sea and Indo-Pacific.


Habitat

The habitat of cabbage leather coral is near shore in shallow water, flat reefs and attached to rubble-like substrates.


Gestation

Litter

Behavior

The Cabbage Leather Coral release toxic terpenes (poisons that ward off encroaching corals). The Sinularia genus consists of a large number of species and subspecies, which are predominately soft corals.


Reproduction

In the wild, leather coral reproduce asexually in several ways, such as fission, budding, fragmenting and/or branch dropping. With asexual fragmentation, a section will separate from the parent colony and attach itself to another suitable location. In an aquarium environment this can be done using a scalpel or a blade by physically cutting a section off of the parent colony and transplanting it to a new location.


Wild Diet

Sinularia corals have several different methods of feeding. They are photosynthetic, having a symbiotic relationship with the zooxanthellae algae that live in their tissue. Zooxanthellae provide them with oxygen, nutrients via photosynthesis, and aide in waste removal. Cabbage Leather Coral can also use their polyps to obtain nutrients from microscopic food in the water.


Zoo Diet

Proper lighting is essential for keeping any living corals in the aquarium.



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