Egyptian Vulture

[Neophron percnopterus]

The Egyptian vulture is white except for some black and gray flight feathers. The sexes are alike. The young bird in first plumage is brownish-black with fulvous tips to the feathers forming distinct patches of light color on the mantle, back, rump, upper and lower tail coverts. The young bird passes through an almost entire¬ly brownish-black phase during which the lighter colors vanish. After three moultings they become paler, eventually taking on adult's white plumage. The young of this species are often confused with young white-headed vultures and hooded vultures but there is no mistaking the adults with their bright yellow faces.

Location: Conservation Education Programs

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Range

The range of the Egyptian Vulture is Southern Europe, Africa east through Arabia to India and southwestern Asia.


Habitat

The Egyptian vulture inhabits mountainous rocky regions, hills, lowlands and deserts.


Gestation

Approximately 42 days


Litter

1 or 2 at intervals of 3 to 4 days


Behavior

The Egyptian vulture, with habits similar to other vultures, is of considerable value as a scavenger. It is smaller than many other vultures and at a carcass must yield to its larger cousins. Their numbers have been much reduced lately.


Reproduction

The Egyptian vulture nest on cliffs, where available, otherwise on date palms or other suitable trees. The nest is an untidy heap of sticks, rags or any other material. They generally lay two eggs. Both sexes rear the young. The young vultures fly after 90 days or so, but do not seem to mature until 5 or 6 years old. When getting ready to nest, these vultures sometimes use old nests of other species in trees.


Wild Diet

Termites, carrion, locusts, dates, small mammals


Zoo Diet


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